Author: Tutita Casa


This is a checklist to be used in any grade, outlining what classifies a claim, evidence, and warrants. The checklist identifies how a student knows they have produced a mathematical argument, explains what constitutes evidence and warrants, and includes chain of reasoning to aid in the flow of the argument.

Microsoft Word version: AllGrades_Checklist_ArgumentationQuestions

PDF version: AllGrades_Checklist_ArgumentationQuestions


The Parts of an Argument provides a both a poster and a template designed to highlight each piece of a powerful argument. The scaffolded template works well with the argumentation poster, as it uses the same graphics and helpful words. There is a space for the claim, evidence, and warrant. This scaffold would work well with any students working on argumentation.

Microsoft Word version: AllGrades_Checklist_PartsOfAnArgument

PDF version: AllGrades_Checklist_PartsOfAnArgument


This is a reflection sheet to aid in peer feedback and self-evaluation for any grade level. A table is provided, with focus areas and a range of times, from none of the time to all of the time. Students are to critique their own work and the work of their peers using the table.

Microsoft Word version: AllGrades_Checklist_PeerFeedback

PDF version: AllGrades_Checklist_PeerFeedback


The Peer Feedback Comment Organizer is a template created for classmates to have an organized way to critique arguments written by their peers. Students are asked prompting questions that encourage them to think critically about their peers’ arguments in the categories of the claim, the evidence, the warrant, and the mechanics of the argument.

Microsoft Word version: AllGrades_Checklist_PeerFeedbackCommentOrganizer

PDF version: AllGrades_Checklist_PeerFeedbackCommentOrganizer


I used this template to teach fourth graders to critique an argument. They needed to state a claim and support it with examples or non-examples.

Microsoft Word version: AllGrades_GraphicOrganizer_ArgumentationScaffoldWithRepresentationsTemplate

PDF version: AllGrades_GraphicOrganizer_ArgumentationScaffoldWithRepresentationsTemplate


This organizer was useful for helping students develop complete components of arguments. It is useful for teachers to see what students think each component is. It was highly effective for helping students advance their work and facilitating effective feedback.

Microsoft Word version: AllGrades_GraphicOrganizer_ArgumentFrameTemplate

PDF version: AllGrades_GraphicOrganizer_ArgumentFrameTemplate


This is a graphic organizer to aid in the formation of a mathematical argument that can be used in all grades. The organizer is intended for a brief argument and uses mathematical language, along with explanations of what is expected, to encourage students to explain their reasoning, show evidence or work, and construct a written explanation or reasoning.

Microsoft Word version: GraphicOrganizer_BriefArgumentTemplate

PDF version: GraphicOrganizer_BriefArgumentTemplate


This is a blank talk frame that teachers can use to develop lesson plans and discussions. The talk frame nicely sets up classroom discussions in which students will take different sides of an argument and discuss different methods for solving problems. The talk frame provides a space for a guiding question or math problem that the lesson will be focused on, three spaces for different student responses or methods of thinking about the guiding question, and a section to outline the major points that you wish for students to take away from a lesson.

Microsoft Word version: GraphicOrganizer_TalkFrameWorksheetTemplate1

PDF version: GraphicOrganizer_TalkFrameWorksheetTemplate1


This second template of a talk frame is directed at students of any age. The first page has blank space for a Talk About and We Understand section, with directions as to what belongs in each section. The second page provides a space for a Think and Talk idea section, where students can record the claim and possible ideas.

Microsoft Word version: GraphicOrganizer_TalkFrameWorksheetTemplate2

PDF version: GraphicOrganizer_TalkFrameWorksheetTemplate2